A Virtual Multimedia Tour through Northern Sarawak's National Parks & Giant Caves
This award-winning multimedia CD will take you on a virtual geological tour through the rainforests of the northern part of Sarawak, Malaysia's largest state, and help you discover the most grandiose cave system on Earth.
You can visit the giant caves of Mulu and Niah National Parks, see active mud volcanoes in the lowland jungle areas near Lambir National Park or make a detour to look at the fossils at Auban on the coast.
On the way, you can learn about the formation of rocks, the creation of caves, and get an appreciation for the infinity of geological ages. In addition, much more detail is included in the form of well logs and outcrop sections, fossil shells and sedimentological descriptions.
This journey through time, spanning some 30 million years, is illustrated with video clips, a large collection of high-resolution pictures, detailed maps, animated models and graphics, complemented with comprehensive narrations.
A section is devoted to the sights and sounds of the oil town of Miri itself. Sit back and enjoy a virtual visit to this bustling town and gateway to the National Parks and Giant Caves described in this CD.
National Parks of Northern Sarawak in Malaysia
Northern Sarawak is home to several natural wonders. In this section, a picture tour of the Mulu, Niah and Lambir National Parks will be of interest to the eco-tourist, nature-lover or visitors who would like to have a souvenir of this rich and vibrant rainforest environment.
The background sounds of the forest and caves add to the “natural presence” as you listen to the narrations that are automatically triggered as you enter each section. General textual information on the parks is also available but the highlight of this section will be the collection of video clips that will virtually take you there.
If you have been there, this CD will be the ideal souvenir that you can use to share your experience with your family and friends. If you have not yet been there, why not start with this CD? It will certainly help you plan for your next big trip!
The rainforest at Lambir is like an oasis of pristine, primary Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp forest in the midst of a cultivated and exploited area. Many of the sections within the park are difficult to access for most visitors. This feature has helped maintain a natural environment with a rich diversity of plants and with many rare and endangered species of animals. Lambir National Park is also a living laboratory where advanced research in ecology is taking place; universities in Malaysia, Japan and the USA carry out research projects at the park. Some of the staggering results of these investigations indicate that more tree species are encountered in Lambir than in any comparable area in the world. Many tree species are so rare that they are known only from the park.
Situated some 100 km south of Miri and easily accessible by road, the Niah National Park appears as a mountainous massif rising above a gentle, low-rolling hill country. The park consists of a primary tropical rainforest developed on a series of limestone mountains, which are delineated by abrupt, vertical cliffs, some well over hundred meters in height. Geologically, the limestones are referred to as the Subis Formation, and are dated as Early Miocene, being some 20 to 16 million years old. Huge and spectacular caves are carved within these carbonates, which are inhabited by bats and are also the nesting site of swiftlets. . Crossing through the cave system, the visitor reaches the Painted Cave, where human-like figures painted in red hematite colours watch over a gravesite, where the bodies of the dead were each laid in its own boat-shaped coffin.
The Gunung Mulu National Park covers an area of about 544 sq.km, being as big as Singapore. It lays hidden in the interior of Northern Sarawak and is inaccessible by road. The park can be reached by 35 minute plane trip from Miri or by a day-long journey up the Baram River. The Park is dominated by the sandstone mass of mount Mulu, the second highest mountain in Sarawak, which rises to 2,376m. This massif of submetamorphic slates and hard sandstones is the type-locality of the Mulu Formation, thought to be early Tertiary in age, some 40 to 60 million years old.
In the Melinau limestones beneath the jungle canopy lie some of the world's most impressive caves, only recently discovered. During caving expeditions starting in 1976, over 44 caves comprising close to 200 km of passages were surveyed; it is believed that this represents less than a third of all the caves in Mulu. Only four show caves are open to the public: the Clearwater, Wind, Deer and Lang caves. These are easy to explore and can be visited as day trips from Mulu Park Head Quarters. There are steps and a plank-walk, complete with railings, connecting all the interesting spots in each cave. They are lighted at strategic spots.
For the geologically inclined, enjoy this virtual geological tour through the rainforest of Northern Sarawak. Covering Mulu, Niah, Bekenu, Lambir and finally Miri, This journey through time, spanning some 30 million years, is illustrated with video clips, a large collection of high-resolution pictures, detailed maps, animated models and graphics, complemented with comprehensive narrations.
It will help you discover the most grandiose cave system on earth. You can visit the Giant caves of Mulu and Niah National Parks, see active mud volcanoes in the lowland jungle areas near Lambir National Park or make a detour to look at fossils at Auban on the coast. On the way, you can learn about the formation of rocks, the creation of caves, and get an appreciation for the infinity of geological ages. All with easy point-and-click access.
Miri's history started in 1910, with the discovery of an oilfield. An old derrick structure still stands on the site of the old discovery well, up on Canada Hill, a location offering a superb panorama over Miri and the South China Sea. Learn the details of Miri's past, and consult our archives of historical pictures. Discover how oil was first found around Miri and how the oilfield was developed, and ultimately abandoned.Visit the many outcrops around Miri and relate them to the subsurface geology.
On the way from Bekenu to Miri, the spectacular Entulang outcrop exposes the contact between the Setap and the Lambir Formations. This key outcrop is followed further along the road by various sections referred to as Liang, before the Lambir National Park is reached. The opulence of the rain forest can be appreciated all along the main road. For the geologist, the large number of outcrops cut along the side of the road, provide an additional source of interest, documenting large tracts of Middle Miocene Lambir Formation. Further toward Miri, large outcrops are carved in escarpments in the road. Find out all about the geology of the area, by a virtual visit through these outcrops.
The Bekenu outcrops are to be found in the soft landscape extending between Subis and the Lambir Mountains. Plains and low rolling hills are the site of extensive oil palm plantations. The regularity of this morphology reflects the underlying geological uniformity.
The inland area is characterised by the widespread extent of the mudstones of the Setap Formation. As can be observed in numerous outcrops along the main road. The apparent monotony of this mudstone can be deceiving. At Ngebol, the oilpalm plantation is pierced by a series of active mud volcanoes, creating a surreal landscape. The popping sounds of exploding gas bubbles add to the magic of the site. To the North, the younger sandstones of the Lambir and Miri Formations, give the coastal area its first relief, in the form of spectacular cliffs. At Tanjong Batu, the 30 meter high cliffs, are cut abruptly by horizontal terraces, along a striking angular unconformity. At Auban, marine mudstones yield an extraordinarily well preserved fauna, fossil mollusks and crabs, illustrated by a comprehensive collection of pictures.
The Subis Limestone Complex that is Niah is described here in a number of different ways. From pictures taken from different vantage points, from well and outcrop sections, and from a sequence of diagrams that provides an interpretation of geological evolution. We invite you to enjoy the rich geological and ecological variety, this area of Sarawak offers. Explore using the various buttons and hotspots on the map.
Gunung Mulu National Park is a site of all superlatives. Within its perimeter, it hosts the world's largest cave chamber, the largest cave passage known to man, South East Asia's longest cave system, and the highest limestone needles on earth. Its natural surroundings is a mixture of great wilderness and beauty, a precious remnant of the once widespread rainforest. The park is the object of much exploration. Every year new caves are discovered, and the inventory of plant and animal life is ever growing.